• Jurisdiction:  1.  the legal power, right, or authority to hear and determine a cause or causes.  2. authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate; control.  3.  a Sphere of authority.
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Aver:  1.  to avouch or verify; prove or justify.  2.  To affirm confidently; declare positively
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• Court:  the persons duly assembled under Authority of Law for the administration of justice.
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• Tribune:  Rom. Hist.  An official or magistrate of any of several classes; esp., a magistrate whose specific function was to protect the individual plebeian citizen from the arbitary action of the patrician magistrates. 
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• Tribunal:  That which decides or judges;  the seat of public opinion.

In matters involving Court appearances, hearings, etc., it has already been established that all judicial power is vested in one Court -- the Supreme Court, and to any Courts the Congress may from time to time, delegate such powers to, which is done with a "Delegation Of Authority Order (DOAO), and of course it is in written form..   

There are three things placed before the Courtas a matter of Protocol, prior to Adjudication.. 1.  Status: (i.e. your social standing in the community; are you a flesh and blood being - a  Natural Person, or a Corporate Person, an artificial construct).  2.  Jurisdiction / Venue: (i.e. where are you? is it a lawful Court Room or Tribunal?;  does it have Personum jurisdiction? (jurisdiction over the person [back to status which determines that]);  Is there jurisdiction over the Subject Matter(s)?  Does this court have jurisdiciton over the Territory? Territorial Jurisdiction over the place where the alleged crime or civil violaton occurred?  and, do they (the court or any officers of the court) have the capacity to rule over such?  
    
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If you let them get pass on Status, and you let them pass on both Status and Jurisdiction / Venue, then the court moves to  3.  Adjudication:  (determination of penalties, punishment, sentencing, including court fees and fines)..     When you are dealing with the "Courts", you must ask for their Delegation of Authority in written form to be placed on the record, for the record and entered into the record as evidence, as proof of their Authority.  It they do not produce it, they don't have it, and technically the matter is closed.  "Ask and you shall receive"..     You can, and ought to "Ask" (and you must be answered) for their Delegation of Authority, particularly and especially in lieu of the fact that most of the Courts, or Tribunals you encounter are Ministerial, and/or Inferior, lacking jurisdiction and lacking Judicial Authority.  As well, you ask for the Judge/Magistrates' "Oath of Office" (which indicates their agreement, responsibility, and obligation, taken under oath to support the Constituion, as the constitution is where their Authority is derived).  If they give you the run around in regards to acquiring this Oath, which is public information, you can stop the chasing and ask for it.  You ask for it, and for the DOAO, in a "Writ of Discovery" (along with any other requests for information), or,  you can ask for the DOAO independently (which is best).  This request is called an "Averment of Jurisdicton".  An example is enclosed in the Word Document attached below, for your review, study, and application.  Also, an example of a Writ In The Nature of Discovery" can be foun d on the "Writs of Freedom Page" on this site.   

Note from the Publisher:  .Peace be with you, as you fight in the light of Truth for freedom, for yourself and your children.  They are sentencing your children to jails, penitentiaries, and concentration camps, wherein they have the opportunity to degrade them further and "institutionalize" their mindset, particularly those children who are stronger and brighter.  These children (ancestors returned) recognize innately that there is something very wrong with what has been proposed and referred to as the "American Dream", and that dreams of this sort, are for those who are sleeping, unconscious of the reality they create or manifest on this earth.  They know that this earth is their entrusted inheritance, and their efforts (the children) are to remove themselves from the matrix of lies and deceit perpetrated by criminals who have opposing efforts to maintain them in a matrix of lies and deceit.  The children are aware, or ought be made aware that these corrupt criminals tree is a trap laced with false pleasure;  The root of their Tree is bitter, its branches are death, its shadow is hatred, a trap is in its leaves, its blossom is bad ointment, its fruit is death, desire is its seed, and it sprouts in darkness.  The dwelling place of those who taste of this Tree is the underworld, and darkness is their resting place.   .

  Thus you, and your children must seek after that which is not with anger, not with jealousy, not with envy, not with desire and greed, as these are the traps of the flesh. 

Averment Of Jurisdiction (Word Document)